Scientific Name: Terminalia arjuna
English Name: Arjuna myrobalan
Nepali/ Sanskrit Name: Arjuna
It is a large tree of 60 to 80 ft height. Leaves sub-opposite or alteranate, sometimes clustered at the ends of the twigs and often bearing large glands on the petiole or near the base of the midrib beneath. Flowers are small, geeen or white. Fruit are ovoid, very in size, smooth or angular or winged. Bark 5 to 10 nm thickness, external surface pink and inner surface reddish brown, finely striated.
It grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions near rivers, streams, ravines and dry water courses.
Stem Bark, Peeling out.
Phytochemical properties: Its principal constituents are b-sitosterol, ellagic acid, Fridelin and arjunic acid. In addition to these, calcium, potassium, magnesium, aluminum, and tannin are found. The bark is useful as an anti-ischemic and cardioprotective agent in hypertension (hypotensive and cardiac tonic) and in ischemic heart disease. It also has a tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of the liver (Lithotriptic).
It is used in the treatment of red and swollen mouth, tongue and gums. It stops bleeding and pus formation in the gums. In blood pressure and heart diseases. Cirrhosis (degeneration of liver), inflammatory conditions, dropsy and in the fracture of bones. It induces a drug-dependent decrease in blood pressure and heart rate. It has been reported to possess protective cardiovascular and hypolipidemic properties. It reduces the level of triglycerides and cholesterol and has been reported to enhance the synthesis of LDL-apoprotein (apoB); it inhibits the oxidation of LDL and accelerates the turnover of LDL-cholesterol in liver. This enhances the elimination of cholesterol from the body. The suppression of hepatic cholesterol biosynthesis by T. arjuna is the mechanism responsible for a significant lowering of beta-lipoproteins-lipids and the recovery of HDL components in hyperlipidemia.
Ayurvedic preparation: Kakubhadi churna, Arjunarista, Arjuna Ghrita.