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Schizophrenia called Unmad in Ayurveda, is a severe and disruptive mental illness that occurs in all cultures and affects about 1 in 100 people worldwide. although the term is sometimes mistakenly used to refer to a split personality, schizophrenia is actually an impairment of a person sense of reality that leads to irrational behavior and disturbed emotional reactions. people with schizophrenia may hear voices, and this may contribute to their bizarre behavior. in addition, they are usually unable to function at work or maintain relationships with other people. without proper support and treatment, people with schizophrenia are likely to neglect or harm themselves. about 1 in 10 people with the condition commits suicide.

No single cause of schizophrenia has been identified, but genetic factors are known to play a part. a person who is closely related to someone with schizophrenia has a significantly increased risk of developing the disorder. in addition, a stressful life event, such as a serious illness or a bereavement, may trigger the disorder in a person who is susceptible. evidence also points to abnormalities in brain structure, such as enlarged fluid-filled cavities, that suggest loss of brain tissue.

Signs and symptoms:
Schizophrenia tends to develop in men during their teens or early twenties, but the onset may be 10-12 years later in women. the condition usually begins gradually, with the person losing energy and personal motivation and becoming increasingly withdrawn over a period of months or years. in other cases, the illness is more sudden and may be a response to an episode of stress. some people have clear-cut episodes of illness and recover completely in between. in other cases, the disorder is more or less continuous. symptoms may include:
• hearing imaginary works
• having irrational beliefs, in particular that thoughts and actions are being controlled by an outside force.
• delusions of being a part figure, such as napoleon, or that trivial objects and events have deep significance.
• expression of inappropriate emotions, such as laughing at bad news.
• rambling speech with rapid switching from one topic to another.
• impaired concentration.
• slow movement and thought.
• agitation and restlessness.

a person with schizophrenia may be depressed, lethargic and socially withdrawn. he or she may begin to neglect personal care and become increasingly isolated. in rare cases, violence toward other people may occur.

The effective Ayurveda treatment for the Schizophrenic patients is the Dhara therapy. The Ayurvedic medications are Vatakulantaka rasa, Smirti Sagar Ras, Unmad Gajkesari Ras, Bhrami Wati, Saraswatarista, Sarpagandha, Vacha,  Jatamansi, Bhrami and Tagara preparation.

Sirodhara Therapy:
To prepare the Dhara therapy medication, Kshirbala taila (medicated oil) is used.
Preparation Process : Keep the oil in a vessel which is adjusted just over the patient's forehead.
The Method : Continuous drops of the oil should fall on the patient's forehead from the bottom of the perforated vessel. The oil should fall exactly between the two eyebrows.
The dose : Once daily.
Results : The patient gets a sound sleep. Moreover, he/she enjoys quick recovery from the psychic condition.

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