Also called: Hemiplegia, Palsy, Paraplegia, Quadriplegia
Paralysis is the loss of muscle function in part of your body. It happens when something goes wrong with the way messages pass between your brain and muscles. Paralysis can be complete or partial. It can occur on one or both sides of your body. It can also occur in just one area, or it can be widespread. Paralysis of the lower half of your body, including both legs, is called paraplegia. Paralysis of the arms and legs is quadriplegia. In Ayurveda it is called as pakshavadha. It is said to be due to imbalance of the vata, the air element of the human body. Vata dosha is responsible for the proper coordination of all voluntary movements in the human body. A block in the proper movement of the vatadosha can bring about pakshavadha in the person.
Most paralysis is due to strokes or injuries such as spinal cord injury or a broken neck. Other causes of paralysis include
• Nerve diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
• Autoimmune diseases such as Guillain-Barre syndrome
What is Strokes:
Strokes – Strokes are the leading cause of paralysis. Strokes are the sudden loss of function of a particular portion of the brain. Hence, the brain is not able to send reflexes or receive stimuli from the corresponding nerves. Usually strokes can cause the paralysis of arms and legs, but the torso is not affected.
Further, the stroke itself can be caused due to the loss of blood supply to the brain. The causes for this erroneous blood supply are:-
• Atherosclerosis, which may result in clogging of the blood vessel carrying blood to the cranial region
• Hemorrhage, which may be the rupturing of a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain
• Hypertension, which increases blood pressure and makes it more difficult for blood to reach the brain
The preparations that are effective in the treatment of paralysis are the anti-vata drugs. The following drugs are beneficial:-
• Brihat Vata Chintamani Rasa
• Ekanga Veera Rasa
• Vata Gajankusha Rasa
• Local application of Mahanarayan, Mahamasha, Bala and Bishagarbha Tail
• Other Aswagandha and Bala Preparations
In addition to the above rasas, there are several Ayurvedic techniques that can be employed.
Snehana – It is the Ayurvedic technique of massaging affected regions with medicated oils.
Pinda Swedana – It is the Ayurvedic technique of fomenting the affected region with medicated oils and mixtures.
Nasya – It is the Ayurvedic technique of putting special herbal drops directly into the nose.
Basti – It is a special type of enema therapy that is used in Ayurveda .
All these therapies are used in a specially formulated regimen (which depends on the condition of the person who is suffering from the paralysis). The main intention of these therapies is to expel the toxins from the body. This directly helps to clear the channels of nervous coordination and hence treat the paralytic condition.
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions