Scientific Name: Ocium sanctum
English Name: Holy basil
Nepali Name: Tulasi
It is a small plant 60-90 cm high. Leaves are oval, with wavy margin and fragrant. Flowers and seeds appear in winter season. Two types exist, varying in the color of the leaves and flowers form green to coopery. The latter is considered to be better for treatment of diseases.
It grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions and is planted near religious places.
Parts used: leaf, root and seed.
Leaves extraction contains one yellowish, aromatic volatile oil. 45-6-76% of Phenol is found in it. Seed also contains greenish yellow fixed oil.
It is antispasmodic, appetizer, carminative, galactagogue and stomachic. It has Antibacterial, antiseptic, diaphoretic, febrifuge and nervine properties. It can be used in coughs, colds, fevers, headaches, lung problems, abdominal distention, absorption, arthritis, colon (air excess), memory, nasal congestion, nerve tissue strengthening, purifies the air; sinus congestion, clears the lungs, heart tonic; it frees ozone from sun's rays and oxygenates the body, cleanses and clears the brain and nerves; relieves depression and the effects of poisons; difficult urination, prevents the accumulation of fat in the body (especially for women after menopause), obstinate skin diseases, arthritis, rheumatism, first stages of many .cancers, builds the immune system. Tulsi contains trace mineral copper (organic form), needed to absorb iron.
Juice: 10-20 ml
Infusion: 80 ml
Root decoction: 50-100 ml
Seed powder: 3-6 gm
Tea: a cup of tea three times of day.