Scientific Name: Myristica fragrans
English Name: Nutmeg
Nepali Name: Jaiphala
Sanskrit Name: Jatiphala
Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen and fragrant tree. It grows to about 30-40 feet. Leaves are about 3 inch long, oval-rectangular or tapering, acute and slightly yellowish. Flowers unisexual, aromatic and yellowish. It produces fruit fifteen to twenty years after planting. The brown, wrinkled, oval fruit contains a kernel which is covered by a bright red membrane. The membrane provides the spice mace, and the kernel the spice nutmeg.
Parts used: seed
It contains 6-16% volatile oil, fix oil 38-40%, protein 7.5%, starch 14.6-24.2%, minerals 1.7%, pectin and amylodextin. The volatile oil contains myristicin, myristic acid etc.
It is Aphrodisiac, carminative, expectorant, vermifuge, Aromatic, hallucinogenic, stimulant, deobstruent, sialagogue, emmenagogue and nervine.
Nutmeg relieves chronic nervous problems as well as heart problems; it aids in rheumatism, digestion, inflammations of the bladder & urinary tract and relieves nausea. Large doses can be poisonous and causes miscarriage for pregnant women
Powder: ½-1 gm
Oil: 1-3 drops.
Jatifaladi wati, Jtifaladi churna.