Common Name: Niruri
Nepali Name: Bhuee-Amala
Sanskrit Name: Bhumyamlaki
An annual weed 2ft high, leaves small, alternate, arranged in two rows, membranous, usually thin and glaucous under surface, elliplic, narrow at the base, stipules two. Flowers very small, monoecious, in pairs in the axils of leaves capsule, globose, slightly depressed at the top with six ridges.
Parts used: whole herb
Alkaloids, bitter, lignans, flavours, Amariin, a novel hydrolysable tannin together with geraniin, corilagin, 1,6-digalloyl-glucopyranoside as well as a rutin and quercetin-3-O-glucopyranoside have been isolated from the plant.
Diuretic, astringent, cooling, laxative and bitter tonic. Liver and related diseases, dropsical disorders, gonorrhoea, constipation, stomach ache, dyspepsia, juice is useful in opthalmia, leaves are useful in urinary problems. The plant is often used in flu, dropsy, diabetes, jaundice, viral hepatitis, asthma, bronchial infections, and diseases of the liver. In the ayurvedic system of medicine it is used in problems of the stomach, genitourinary system, liver, and kidney.