Nepali Name: Jethimadhu
English Name: Sweet liquorice
Sanskrit Name: Yestimadhu
It is a perennial herb, 6 foot long. Root hairy, grayish and long. Leaves are oval in shape. Flowers rosy. 2-3 kidney shaped seeds are squeeze in 1 inch long fruit.
Distribution: found in sub tropical and warm temperate region.
Part Used: Root
The main component is glycyrrnizin. It is more sweet then suger. Its yellowish color is due to a glycoside isoliquiritin which changes into liquiritin. The plant also contains phytoestrogens in the form of isoflavones such as formononetin; glabrone, neoliquiritin and hispaglabridin A & B.
It is Tonic, Diuretic, Demulcent, Expectorant, Emenagogue and Laxative. Used for allaying coughs and catarrhal infections. Useful in irritable conditions of mucous memberane of Urinary organs. Useful in sore throat, cough, anorexia and persistent low fever. It modulates the immune system and has shown remarkable immuno-stimulant properties. It has an antioxidant activity. It is a mild anti-inflammatory for arthritis and rheumatism and is used to treat gastric, duodenal and esophageal ulceration or inflammation, heartburn and mouth ulcers. Useful in flavouring of tobacco, confectionary, beverages, jams and marmalades.
Dosage: 3-5 gm
Yestyadi churna, Yestyadi kwath etc.