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Dementia is a decline of reasoning, memory, and other mental abilities, which are collectively called the cognitive functions. This decline eventually impairs the ability to carry out everyday activities such as driving, household chores, and even personal care such as bathing, dressing and feeding. Dementia affects about 1% of people aged 60-70 years. Dementia is different from age-related memory loss; a condition in which a person may not be able to find his glasses or remember someone's name, but will still be able to learn new things, solve problems, and carry out his everyday activities.

Dementia is more common in the elderly, but it can occur even in children. In addition to advancing age, you have a higher risk of getting dementia if you have
• Atherosclerosis
• High cholesterol
• A high homocysteine level
• Diabetes
• Mild cognitive impairment
• Down syndrome
• A family history of Alzheimer's disease
• A smoking habit

A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that regular walking and physical activity can reduce your risk of developing dementia and slow down any cognitive decline. Other studies indicate that engaging in stimulating mental activities as you age lowers your risk of developing dementia.

The patient should be regularly tendered Amalaki in the raw form besides as pickles and also muraba. Such persons must also have raw almond oil and almond. Besides, the patient should have sweet and unctuous (oily) food items. Thus, the person can have ghee prepared from cow's milk as well as cow's milk.

 AYURVEDIC TREATMENTSAyurvedic Medicines: 
 Ayurveda mentions a category of medicines known as "Medhya", which improve the working capacity of the brain. This category includes medicines like Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Guduchi (Tinosporea cordifoila), Padma (Nelumbo nucifera), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Vacha (Acorus calamus) Sepentine (Rowalfia serpentine), Aswagandha (Withania somnifera), Nordostachys jatamansi and Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis). These medicines may help in slowing down the destruction of brain cells, stabilizing brain function, and in the long run may even help to regenerate brain cells. Very little is known about the full potential of herbal medicines in these conditions, and detailed, scientific research is the need of the hour. However, what is definitely known at present is that results are best when treatment is started early in the course of the disease. Early and specific diagnosis is therefore, of the utmost importance
Ayurvedic Preparations such as brahmi vati, brahmi ghritam, saaraswataarishta contain brahmi as main ingredient are used. Smriti Sagar Ras, Jyotismati tel, Krisna Chaturmukha Ras, Balarista, and Aswagandha Churna can also be used.

3. Guduchi
4. Padma
5. Brahmi
6. Vacha
7. Sarpagandha
8. Aswagandha
9. Jatamansi
10. Shankhapuspi
11. Bhahmi Ghrita
12. Saaraswatarista
13. Smiti Sagar Ras
14. Jyotismati Tail
15. Balarista

Sirodhara: in this process herbal oil, medicated milk, medicated butter milk etc, are poured on the forehead in a special method for about 45-50 minutes. 

Ayurveda also recommends yoga. The Yoga postures which increase the blood circulation on brain are more preferable, though doing every Yogasana is helpful for relaxing mind. Among the asanas, you can perform Suryanamskara, Paschimottanasana, Ushtrasana, Makarasana, Dhanurasana, Halasana, Sarvangasana, and  in Pranayamas Shetali, Kapalbhati and Nadisdhodhan, followed by Yognidra for half an hour

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