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Itching and flaking of the scalp arises as a result of dandruff. Occasionally, it can also affect the ears, eyebrows and forehead. Though the extract reason is unknown, the primary cause of dandruff is thought to be a yeast called Pityrosporum ovale. Over activity of oil glands is another possible cause.

- Identify and avoid potential allergic foods. Limit intake of milk and other dairy products, seafood and fatty foods. Reduce or eliminate animal proteins and eat whole grains, fresh vegetables, beans and fruits. Avoid excess salt. Reduce tomatoes, citrus fruits and such acidic foods and certain spices.
- Reduce your sugar intake. Diabetes can also cause dandruff. If you have diabetes, high sugar levels result in the dehydration of tissues as the body flushes out fluids in an attempt to rid itself of the sugar.
- Reduce or, if possible eliminate all foods containing yeast, such as bread and baked foods, cheese, fermented foods, wine and alcoholic beverages.
- Personal hygiene and cleanliness is important. Shampoo the hair once or twice a week.
- Avoid alcohol based styling products, as they tend to dry out the scalp. In addition, avoid dyeing your hair.
- Brush your daily to improper blood circulation and remove dead cells and flakes. To avoid any further spread, bend forward from the waist with the head down towards the ground, and brush from the nape of the neck towards the top of the head. If you have long hair, two strokes would be best to avoid stretching of the hair. After brushing, massage your scalp to stimulate the circulation, remove dirt and dandruff, as this will encourage hair growth. For a proper massage, spread your fingers fan like and slip them through the hair. With your thumbs pressed behind ears, press down on scalp with fingertips. Now rotate your finger so that they move the scalp over the bony structure of the head.
- Medication or yoga will help relieve stress that exacerbates dandruff.

- Wash your hair with green gram powder of amla (Emblica officinalis) powder in curd.
- Prepare an emulsion by mixing one part of sandalwood oil (chandan, Santalum album) with three parts of fresh lemon juice in a glass bottle and apply on the scalp.
- Soak two tablespoonfuls of fenugreek seeds (methi, Foeniculum vulgare) overnight in water. Grind the softened seeds into a fine paste and apply on the scalp. Then wash the hair with soap-nut solution or shikakai.
- Thoroughly rub a thick gel of aloe-vera leaves on the scalp; leave overnight, shampoo in the morning.
- Combine olive oil and ginger root and apply on your scalp before shampooing.
- Durdurpatraadi tailam as external medicament and Gandhaka rasaayan as internal medicine are usually prescribed to treat this condition.
- Brihat haridra kanda in the dose of one teaspoonful mixed in a glass of milk twice daily, controls dandruff and improves colour and complexion.
- Blood purifying liquids khadiraaista and saaribaadyaasavam taken twice daily (20 ml in same quantity of water) are also useful medicines.
- If the problem is not improved, it is better to consult with an Ayurvedic physician as it might be due to some problem such as psoriasis or ringworm.

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