Common Name: Cinnamon
Nepali Name: Dalchini
Sanskrit Name: Thwak
It is an evergreen aromatic tree of 20 to 60 feet in height. In new plant, the bark is smooth, 5 mm thick, grayish and aromatic. Where as in old plant, it is rough. Leaves are bitter, shiny, having strong odour and 4-7 inch in length. Fruits are oval and less than 1 inch long. January and May are the flowering and fruiting time respectively.
Part used: bark, oil and leaf.
The bark contains a significant amount of a mucilaginous substance, which consists mainly of water extractable L-arabino-D-xylan and an alkali-extractable D-glucan. The bark also contains the diterpenes, cinnzeylanin, cinnamaldihyde, eugenol and cinnzeylanol besides tannin.
This herb is used for acute symptoms, as this herb is a stimulant to other herbs and the body, enabling herbal remedies to work faster. It is alterative, analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, anti-rheumatic, antispasmodic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, demulcent, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, germicide, hemostatic, stimulant, stomachic. These chareateristics help in neuralgia, rheumatism, diarrhea, dysentery, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, liver problems, Gas, menorrhagia, bronchitis, colds, hiccup, congestion, edema, flu, toothache and backaches.
Its oil is used T.B. ulcers.
Leaf powder: 1-3gm
Bark powder: 1-3 gm
Oil: 2-3 drops.
Infusion and decoction of this plant are also used.