Nepali Name: Bael.
Sanskrit Name: Bilva
A medium seized tree bearing strong auxiliary thorn. Leaves with 3 or 5 leaflets. Flowers greenish white, sweet scented, about 2.5 cm across, in small branches. Fruit 8-20 cm diameter, globose, green, finally greyist, round, woody, pulp orange-colored, sweet aromatic.
Distribution: it grows in sub-Himalayan and tropical forests as well as in plains.
Parts used: fruit, leaf, and, bark of stem as well as root.
Mucilage, pectin, glucose, tannin, volatile oil, marmelosin; aegelin, aegelinin etc. are found in leaf; marmin is found in stembark; potassium, calcium, phosphate, silica etc are found in stem ash.
Sweet, aromatic, cooling, alterant, nutritive and laxative. Unripe fruit is astringent, digestive and stomachic. Used in chronic dysentery and diarrhoea, unripe fruit improves appetite and digestion, asthma, intermittent fevers, in inflammation of uterus. It is used in cholera due to its digestive and carminative properties. Both ripe and unripe fruit are regarded as an astringent. It helps in the healing of ulcerated intestinal surfaces. It possesses antiviral, anthelmintic, and anti-inflammatory properties and has appreciable activity against Vibrio cholera and Salmonella.
Bilvadi churna, Bilvadi leha, Bilvadi Ghrita, bilva panchak kwath.