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Ricinus communis


Latin Name : Ricinus communis
English Name : Castor
Nepali Name: Adir
Sanskrit Names : ERANDAH, TARUNAH, SUKLA, CITRA, GANDHARVAHASTAKA, PANCANGULA, VARDHAMANA, AMANDA, DIRGHADANDAKAH, ERANDA, DIRGHADANDA, TARUNAH, VARDHAMANAKAH, PANCANGULAH, VYAGHRAPUCCHA, GANDHARVAHASTAKA, SUKLAERANDA, GANDHARVAHASTAKAH, VARDHAMANA, DIRGHADANDA, VYADAMBAKA, VATARI, TARUNA, RUBUKA, SVETAERANDA, SITA ERANDA, DIRGHADANDAKA, RUVUKA

Discription:
An annual or perennial bush or occasionally a soft wooded small tree. It ranges from 1 to 7 meters in height. It has well developed roots, with green and reddish stems which become hollow with age. The fruit is a spherical capsule with small grey seeds with brown spots.

ricinus communis

Parts Used: Root, Leaf, Seed, Oil


Phytochemicals:
The seeds of the plant contain alkaloid ricinine and tozalbumine ricin. Castor oil consists principally of ricinoleic acid. Unlike most fixed oils, castor oil possesses the remarkalble property of mixing with absolute alcohol and glacial acetic acid in all propertions. Though castor plant or oil is not a food, yet it is one of the most commonly used oils all over the world as a safe purgative and also used externally to relieve various inflammatory conditions of the skin and mucus membrane.

Medicinal properties and uses:
Small quantities of castor seed are used in the villages as a mild laxative for children. The seeds made into a paste or poultice are reported to be applied to sores, boils and gouty or rheumatic swellings. In Veterinary practice, castor oil is a safe and effective purgative for most animals and may be given also to pregnant animals. Castor oil is commonly used for the preparation of hair-oils, hair fixers and aromatic perfumes. It is used as an ingredient in hair lotions and tonics in concentrations of 0.5-20 per cent.

Rheumatism:
A poultice of castor seeds can be applied with beneficial results to fouty and rheumatic swellings. A decoction of the roots of castor lplant with carbonatae of potash is useful in the treatment of lumbago, rhematism and sciatica. A paste of the kernel without the embryo, boiled in milk, is also given as a medicine in these conditions.

Skin disorders:
A poultice of castor leaves is useful as an external application to boils and swellings. Coated with some bland oil such as coconut oil and heated, the hot leaves can be applied over guinea worm sore to extract the worms. A poultice of castor seeds is also applied to scrofulous sores and boils due to tuberculosis of lymph nodes.

Problem of breast milk secretion.
Castor oil massaged over the breast after child birth increases the flow of milk, as it stimulates the mammary glands. Castor leaves can also be used to foment the breasts, for the same purpose.

Dandruff:
If used regularly as hair oil, it helps the growth of the hair and cures dandruff.

Constipation:
Castor oil is a simple, harmless purgative and can be used without any rigid consideration and limitation of weather and the physiological nature of the patient. Generally, spring is the best season to administer purgatives, but castor oil, can safely be used round the year. It simply passes out after completing its purgative action, making the patient feel a mild irritation in the anus at that time.

Dosage:
Root paste: 10-20 gm
Seed: 2 - 6
Oil: 4-16 ml

Ayurvedic Preparations:
Erandapaka, Erandamuladi Kwath, Erandasaptak Kwath etc.
 





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