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Rawolfia serpentine


Common Name: serpentine
Nepali Name: Sarpagandha, Chadmaruwa
Sanskrit Name: Sarpagandha

Description: An erect smooth shrub, leaves whorled, 8-20 cm long, gradually tapering into short petiole. Flowers about 1.5 cm long, petals white or pinkish, penduncle deep red, in small clusters. Fruits small, round, dark purple or blackish when ripe.

Distribution:
It is found within 4000 ft high.

Parts used: Root

Phytochemicals:
Reserpine, reserpinin, serpentine, serpentinin, rauwolfinin like various alkaloids.

Medicinal Properties:
Bitter, tonic, sedative, febrifuge, heart stimulant, hypotensive, specific for insanity, central nervous system disorders, both psychic and motor, including anxiety states, excitement, maniacal behavior associated with psychosis, schizophrenia, insanity, insomnia and epilepsy., stimulates the mammary gland. Anti-hypertensive, hypnotic, increases uterine contractions in labour. Extracts of the roots are valued for the treatment of intestinal disorders, particularly diarrhea and dysentery. It is also used as an anthelmintic.
In blood pressure and heart diseases, chronic mental illness, sexual aggression, intestinal disorder.
Decoction of the root is good to increase uterine contraction and promote expulsion of the foetus.

Contraindication: In bronchitis, asthma and gastric.

Forms of use: powder, decoction.

Dosage:
For hypertensive patients: 1-2gm
As a sleeping dose: 3-6gm

Ayurvedic preparations:
Sarpagandawati, sarpaganda Yoga.


 





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