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Lawsonia inermis


English Name: HENNA
Nepali Name: MEHNDI
Sanskrit Name: Madyantika

Description:
It is a famous shrub which ends into a thorn, 20 feet long. Leaves are short, tapering or oval which yield red color on pasting. Flowers are fragrant, whitish or creamy and pyramidal. Fruits are round which contain many, short, pyramidal and smooth seeds. Flowers in October and November.

Part Used:
Flowers, Powdered Leaves, Fruit

Phytochemical:
Tannin, lawsone which causes redness. Besides these, Gallic acid, glucose, fat, and mucilage are found.

Medicinal Properties:
It is Aromatic, antifungal, anti-bacterial, coolant and astringent.

Leaves paste is applied as a prophylactic against skin diseases. The paste of leaves is used in headache, joint pain, sleeplessness, diarrhea, jaundice, heart diseases, fever and burning sensation in feet. Powder is used on boils and burns. Decoction of leaves, if gargle, is useful in sore throat. It is natural hair dye.

Therapeutic Uses:
     The leaves have medicinal properties like arresting secretion or bleeding and preventing skin diseases. The bark and seeds of the plant are used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine

 Dysentery
     The seeds of the henna plant are effective in the treatment of dysentery. They are powdered, mixed with ghee and made into small ball of the size of a betel nut. It is also very helpful in this condition, when taken with water.

Liver Disorders

     The bark of the plant is effective in the treatment of liver disorders like jaundice and enlargement of the liver. Either its powder is used in 1.25 to 5 decigram or its decoction in 30 to 60 gram doses in the treatment of these disorders.

Baldness
 Henna helps in the treatment of baldness. Mustard oil boiled with henna leaves, promotes healthy growth of hair. Two hundred and fifty grams of mustard oil is boiled in a tin basin. Sixty grams of the leaves are gradually added to the oil and heated. The oil is then filtered through a cloth and stored in a bottle. Regular massage with this oil produces abundant hair.

Prickly Heat
   Henna leaves are beneficial in the treatment of prickly heat. The leaves ground with water are applied over the affected area.

Headaches
   Henna flower cures headaches caused by the heat of the sun. The headaches is relieved by a plaster made of henna flowers in vinegar and applied over the forehead.         

Burning sensation on the Feet
   A paste of the leaves is applied on the soles relieves in this condition.

Skin Diseases
  Henna leaves are effective in the treatment of skin problems likes boils and burns. They are locally applied on the affected area. Bruised leaves can be applied beneficially in rheumatic joints, inflammatory swelling, bruises and leprosy.

Sore Throat
  A decoction of the leaves can be used as gargle, with beneficial results, in case of sore throat.
Women's Ailments

   Pessaries or vaginal suppositories made of the leaves and seeds can be used beneficially in the treatment of excessive menstruation, vaginal discharge and leucorrhoea, or excessive white discharge.

Other Uses
    Spermatorrhoea or Involuntary Ejaculation: The juice of fresh leaves is beneficial, provided it is given in doses of 8 to 16 grams.

  Henna is mainly used as a coloring agent. It is mixed with other natural dyes and is largely used as hair dye and even for textiles. The oil obtained from its flowers is used in perfumery.

Dosage:
Juice: 5-10ml
Powder: 1-3 gm

Ayurvedic preparation:
Madayantyadi churna.




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