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Hyosycamus niger


English Name: Henbane
Nepali Name: Khursani Jwano
Sanskrit Name: Parasika yavani

Description:
It is an erect, viscidly hairy, fetid annual or biennial shrub of 5 feet high. Leaves are yellowish green in color. Fruits are half inch in diameter. Many, short, oval or kidney shaped and black seed are found.

Distribution: It is mainly found between 5 to 12 thousands feet.

Part Used: Seeds, leaves and flowers.

Phytochemical properties:
Hyoscyamine and hyoscine are found in leaves. Atropine is found in root. It contains volatile base, a bitter glycoside hyoscypicrin, choline, mucilage and albumin. It is rich in potassium salts.

Medicinal properties:
It is widely used in Gastritis, intestinal cramps, diarhhoea, neuralgia, cough, hysteria, skin inflammation, bladder pain, gallstone and boils. It is also used in night emission (Night fall), fast emission and dysmenorrea. Niger seed has anodyne, narcotic and mydriatic properties, employed as a sedative in nervous infections. Leaves are used in external pain. In veterinary practice used as urnary sedative.

Dosage:
Powder: 0.25-1 gm
Note: heavy doses may act as poison.

Ayurvedic preparation:
Parashiyadi churna.




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