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Commiphora mukul


Scientific Name: Commiphora mukul, Syn: Commiphora wightii

English Name: Gum guggul, bedellium
Nepali / Sanskrit Name: Guggulu

Description:
A tree 3-3.5 meter high with thick, fleshy stems, spikes and small leaves. Gum is taken out by incising the thick stem. A small cup is tied to the lower end of the incision. In this cup the gum accumulates gradually.

Distribution:
Wild and cultivated in desert or semi desert and rocky, as well as sandy, areas of tropical region.

Part Used:
Latex from the stem (gum).

Phytochemical properties:

It is an ingredient for over fifty compounds. Its constituents are volatile oil, gum-resin, guggulsterones Z and E, guggulsterols I - V, two diterperoids-a terpene hydrocarbon

Medicinal properties:
It is Carminative, antiseptic, alterative, nervine tonic, Antispasmodic, Disphoretic, Ecobolic, Anti-lipidaemic, cholesterol reducing agent, Anti suppurative and Emmenagodue. Gum resin used for treatment of rheumatoid arthiritis. It is a potent drug for cardiac disorders, high cholesterol, hemorrhoids, enlarged cervical glands, endometriosis, leucorrhea, arthritis, Lumbago, gout, indigestion, cystitis, diabetes, Abscesses, ulcers, nervous disorders and neurosis. It is also used in bronchitis and skin diseases.

Dosage: 2-4 gm

Ayurvedic preparations:
Yogaraja guggulu, Kaisora guggulu, Chandriprabha vati, Gokduradi guggulu, Kanchanara guggulu etc.




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