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Terminalia Belerica

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Terminalia Belerica
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Scientific Name: Terminalia Belerica
English Name: Belliric myrobalan
Nepali Name: Barro
Sanskrit Name: Bibhitaka


Sanskrit Synonyms:
VIBHITAKAH, KARSAPHALA, VASANTHA, AKSA, KALIDROMA, SAMVARTAKA, BHUTVASAH, KALKIHARYA, BAHEDAKA, BIBHITAKA, KARASAPHALA, BHUTAVARSAH, KALIDRUMA, VASANTHA, AKSA, VRDDHAJATA, SAMVARTA, TILAPUSPAKAH, BIBHITAKAH, KARASPHALA, BHUTAVASA, KALIYUGALAYA, VIBHITAKA, TAILAPHALA, SAMVARTAKAH, VASANTAH, KALIVRKSAH, BAHEDAKAH, HARYA, KARSAPHALA, KALKI, DHARMAGHNA, AMILAGHNAKAH, BAHUVIRYA, KASAGHNA

Description:
It is big and handsome tree about 60-80 feet. Erect, long trunk. 3-8 inch long, alternate square and oval leaves. Either white or yellowish flowers. Fruits are less than one inch in diamenter, nearly five angled after drying, grayish which contain one seed. New leaves appear in February-March, flowers appear in May. Fruits are ripened durin January-February.

terminalia bellirica

Part Used: Fruit

Phytochemicals:
Its principal constituents are ß- sitosterol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid, glucose, galactose, fructose and raminose. Fruits contain green oil, Saponin, Tannins and glycosides and Phyllembin ( ethyl gallate)J Res Ind Med., 1975, 10, 3 (7124) . Cardiac glycoside Belliricanin .J Ind Chem Soc., 1968, 45, 913 (7033), B-Sitosterol, gallic acid, Ellagic acid, Galloyl glucose, Chebulagic acid Ind J Chem 1970, 8, 1047 (7034) .Belliric acid and its glucoside BelliricosidePhytochemistry, 1989, 28, 2769; Tomentosic acid from Arjunglucoside, Belliricagenins A and B and their glycosides Belliricasides (7075), Arjungenin, Belliricagenins, Gallic acid, Oxalic acid(7044) .

Medicinal porperties:
It is Astringent, Tonic, Expectorant and Laxative. It has lithotriptic, rejuvenative and Antibacterial properties. It is used in coughs and sore throat. Its pulp is used in dropsy, piles and diarrhoea. It is also useful in Leprosy, fever and hair care. It is also used in Oxalic acid and preparation if ink. While using herbal eye drops containing T. bellirica, encouraging results have been obtained in cases of myopia, corneal opacity, pterigium, immature cataract, chronic and acute infective conditions. The fruit possesses myocardial depressive activity.

Clinical reports:
An ayurvedic preparation Arogya vardhini taken oral at a dose of 750 mg thrice daily for 15 days showed marked effect in acute viral hepatitis. Ind J Med Res., 1980, 72, 588 (7044, 7124) .Water soluble and 80 % alcoholic extract caused purgation in constipated patients .Ind J Pharm., 1962, 24(4)87. Treatment of 137 patients having Kasa / Swasa symptoms with Vibhitakphal churna (T.bellirica) showed antitussive and antiasthmatic effects as an antispasmodic, bronchodilatory and antiasthmatic drug.J Res Ayur Siddha, 1982, 3, 1 (7124) . Treatment with guguulu ( SC-I) on patients suffering from vitiligo showed improvement. J Res Ind Med Yoga & Homeo., 1976, 11(2) 66 (7124) .Purgative action - Oil suspended in charcoal and administered orally to animals caused loose stool and was more potent than castor oil activity. Ind J Pharm., 1967, 29(12) 347 (7124) . Kernel oil showed purgative action in mice and prolonged use was well tolerated . Oil is bland but the hydrolysed product is irritant like castor oil.Ind J Med Res., 1969, 57, 103(7033) .Dried plant given oral to adults showed antasthmatic antitussiveactivity . J Res Ayur Siddha., 1985, 3, 1.(7044) . Decoction (Phalatrikadi kashaya) and Arogyavardhini vati of the plant given oral at 100 ml was effective against liver disorders, Jaundice (Kamala) Sachitra Ayurved, 1985, 37(2) 89 .(7044) . Dried fruit given oral to adults of both sexes showed antihepatotoxic and antinflammatory activity at variable doses in treating hemmorhoids . Probe, 1981, 20 (4) 285;1982, 21(3)201 (7044) .Powder taken oral relieved common cold in adults in unani medicine Bull Islamic Med., 1982, 2, 469.(7044)

Dosage:
Powder: 3-6 gm.

Ayurvedic preparation:
Triphala, Talasadi churna, Lawangadi churna etc.