Scientific Name: Aloe vera/barbadensis
English Name: Aloe vera
Nepali Name: Gheukumari
Sanskrit Name: Kumari
Aloe is a coarse-looking perennial plant with a short stem, erect, with crowded leaves that has spiny teeth on the margins. Red colored flowers in a bunch appear during late winter. This plant grows well in sandy soil. The tissue in the center of the aloe leaf contains a gel which yields aloe gel or aloe vera gel. Aloe
Distribution: mostly found in tropical and subtropical plains. Often cultivated as a garden plant.
Parts Used: Leaf gel and sap. Aloin Extract, dried juice of leaves and pulp root
Phytochemical properties: Aloin, obtained from the gel in the leaf. Responsible for the plant's healing properties. Its principal constituents are the leaves that contain barbaloin, chrysophanol glycoside and the aglycone, aloe-emodin.