In Ayurveda, diabetes is known since 3,000 years ago. The association of frequent urination with sweet testing substances in the urine was first reported in Charaka Samhita, the ancient Ayurvedic classic.
Allopathic drugs like insulin, sulphonylureas, biguanides have definitely helped in controlling the blood sugar levels and improving the quality of life but none of them has been unequivocally successful in maintaining normal glucose levels and avoiding later stage complications of diabetes. About 15 to 20% of patients with newly diagnosed non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus have little or no response to sulphonylureas and with each year of treatment, about 3-5% of the patients, who have achieved better acceptable glycaemic control, lose their responsiveness. Biguanides therapy is associated with lactic blood disorders, water retention and several others.
In spite of all the advances in therapeutics, diabetes still remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the world.
Ayurveda recognizes the disease right from the Vedic period with the name prameha. The word prameha denotes prabhuta mootrata (excessive urination) and aavila mootrata (turbid urine) and madhumeha means the flow of madhu (sugar) from the body. Depending on the physical constitution or body type (prakriti), or the health status of an individual, Ayurvedic classics advocate two different types of therapy schedules for diabetics. They are as follows:
1. Apatarpana (de-nourishment) and samshodhana (cleansing):
This treatment is prescribed if you are obese and heavily built. In this, along with anti-diabetics drugs, maximum stress is given on de-nourishment of fats and elimination of endotoxins by way of various exercise, fasting and panchakarma (five fold therapies viz. emesis, purgation, enema, blood letting and errhines)
2. Santarpana (replenishment) and brimhana (body bulk promotion):
This is prescribed if you are chronically ill, with low immunity and underweight due to the draining of essential nutrients. This therapy helps in providing the easily acceptable nutrients and micronutrients to rebuild body tissues and help strengthen the defence mechanism without increasing circulating blood sugar, fats and other metabolites. This prevents further damage and ensures enhanced healing and repair.
SELF HELP APPROACH AND AYURVEDIC REMEDIES
- Prepare decoction by adding haaro (Terminalia chebula), naagarmotha (Cyperus rotundus) and lodhra (Symplocos recemosa) bark in boiling water and take it 40 ml twice daily.
You can also prepare decoction by boiling rakta chandan bark (Santalum album), arjun bark (Terminalia aruna), devdara bark (Cedrus deodara) and kustha root (Saussurea lappa); and take 40 ml twice daily.
- Fresh juice of the whole plant of giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) along with honey may also be taken.
- One gram of triphala (Terminalia chebula+Terminalia bellirica+Embelica officinalis), shilajit, and lohabhasma mixture meet the mineral requirements of diabetics.
- Cold onfusion of turmeric (Curcuma longa), triphala and daaru haldi (Berberis aristica) in the daily dose of 30 ml is a proven remedy that you can try.
- You can take powder of dried neem (Azadiracta indica) leaves added with turmeric, bitter gourd and giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), two to three grams twice a day.
- During recent years. certain individual herbs are screened extensively for their blood sugar lowering effect. They are leaves of Gymnema sylvestre (gudmar), bark of Pterocarpus, vat (Ficus bengalensis), leaves of tej patta (Cinnamon tamale), methi (Foeniculum vulgare) and fruits of karela (Memordica charantia). You can use these herbs alone or in combination, 3 to 5 grams twice daily with water or buttermilk before food.
- The herbo-mineral preparations like shilajatvaadi vati, vasant kusumarkar rasa, gokshuraadi guggulu can be taken after consulting Ayurvedic physician.
- Organic green tea is very useful in diabetes.
Other herbs that are used in diabetes in different form are: jamun (Syzygium cumini), bael (Aegle marmelos), onion (Allium cepa), garlic (Allium sativum), aloe (Aloe vera), custard apple, neem (Azadiracta indica), cabbage and turmeric (Curcuma longa).
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SHILAZIT CAPSULE (Gorkha Ayurved Company)
Dose: two capsules twice daily. To be taken with water or milk or as directed by physician. It can be taken for long periods of time.